Fashion Terminologies | All You Need to Know

Do you find it difficult to explain yourself using some Fashion terms? Think no more; Fashion terminologies are here to help you out.
Fashion Terminologies | All You Need to Know
Apparel 
Apparel is a common term used to describe clothing, attire, clothes and/or garments. 

Accessories 
Items including jewellery, hats, bags etc 

Applique
Applique is a design for decorating garments in which one fabric is applied to another around the edge

A-line
A skirt that is fitted at the waist and widens toward the hem, like the sides of a letter “A.”


Bandana
A piece of cloth worn tied around the head or neck. 

Bandeau 
A narrow piece of fabric worn around the bust as a strapless alternative to a bra. 

Bolt
A unit of measurement for fabric used in fashion design. Bolts are usually between 40-100 yards.

Cape
Sleeveless outer garment that hangs from the shoulders. 

Couture
Clothing that is designed by hand for each individual customer, specifically to meet their measurements.

Cap Sleeve 
A  sleeve that rests on the shoulder (shorter than normal sleeve, almost sleeveless).

Dart
A fold sewn in a piece of garment to give it shape, usually around the bust or waist.

Distressed 
A part of a fabric that has been artificially aged or worn. Commonly used on denim. 

Empire waist
A garment with high waistline that is under the bust, rather than around the waist.

Epaulettes
A decorative shoulder adornment, uswually found on trench coats and military unifroms.

Elbow Patch
A patch of fabric (leather or suede) worn over the elbow.  

Embellishments 
Extra ornaments that adds beauty or elegance to a garment.

Embroidery
Method of decorating fabric with designs stitched in coloured thread or yarn. 

Fabric 
Any material made by weaving, knitting, crocheting, or bonding yarns or threads to form a textile. 

Face
The face of a piece of fabric is the side of the fabric that is meant to be facing out when it is worn.

Filigree
A fine structured Ornamental work of silver or gold wire with the addition of tiny beads.

Garment
A single item of clothing.

Hem
The edge of a dress, skirt, coat, or pant.

Hosiery
Tight-fitting undergarments worn on the leg. 

Hounds-tooth 
A duotone textile pattern of checks and four-pointed shapes, used particularly for outerwear, jackets, and skirts. 

Iridescent
The property of a fabric that appears to change colour as it catches the light.

Jersey
A stretchy fabric often used to make t-shirts, sportwears etc.

Jodhpurs
A tight-fitting trousers worn for horse riding.

Jouy Print
A white or off-white background on which a repeated pattern, depicting a detailed scene, appears.

Knife Pleat
Pressed pleats that create sharp folds on skirts and dresses.

Knitting
A method for producing cloth from wool or other types of thread.

Lettuce hem
When the fabric is stretched and pulled while being sewn, it creates a wavy hem that resembles the edge of a lettuce leaf.

Macramé
A technique of making fabric by threading together multiple different colors or types of yarn or string into decorative patterns.

Mandarin Collar
A small, close fitting and upright collar.

Non-woven
A fabrics that is not woven, knitted, knotted, or crocheted. These types of fabrics are not as popular as woven fabrics.

Ombre
A gradual change in color shade from dark to light.

Peplum
A Flared fabric at the bottom of a shirt, jacket, dress, or coat that is gathered at the top to create a flounce.

Quarter
The part of a shoe that covers your heel.

Quilted 
Padding technique enclosing a layer of wadding between two pieces of fabric, held in place by sewing a diamond pattern over fabrics 

Raglan
A sleeve style that uses one piece of fabric from neckline to wrists, without shoulder seam.

Signature bag
A handbag that features the signature or initials of the designer as part of its main print.

Tuxedo
Formal wears for men, including a tailored jacket and trousers.

Unitard
It’s a single, tight-fitting garment that covers the entire body, including the arms and legs.

Vent
A slit in a piece of garment, meant to aid easier movement.

Vogue
A current fashion trend

Waistcoat
A sleeveless, upper-body garment cut at waist level with a vertical, button-fastened front opening worn over a dress shirt and underneath a suit jacket of a three-piece suit. 

X-ray fabric
Sheer or see-through fabric made to show the body, creating the effect of an x-ray.

Yoke
The part of a shirt or dress that stretches over the shoulders in the front and back.

Zipper Pull
this is a metal accessory that allows for the opening of a zipper; usually in various shaped and sizes.

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